Logo descriptions by Matt Williams, Argus Sventon and garfield13
Logo captures and editions by Logoboy95, Hoa, mr3urious, garfield13 and hannabarberafan
Video captures courtesy of TheDaVinci030, timoteobm, cartoonwoody, estounaweb and NinJutsuDude1997
Background: In the beginning, MGM used the live-action theatrical logos of Jackie (black & white cartoons only), Coffee (1934-1935 cartoons), and Tanner (1935-1942 cartoons) on early MGM cartoons.
(August 16, 1930-July 18, 1942)
Nicknames: "The MGM Lion", "Coffee the Lion", "Tanner the Lion", "Jackie the Lion", "Animated Jackie the Lion"
Opening Title: Just the standard MGM live-action lion logo, with the lion skewed near the top and "Metro Goldwyn Mayer" in the banner below. The lion roars.
- Starting in 1939 with "The Little Goldfish", the logo is followed by a screen saying "Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer presents AN MGM CARTOON IN TECHNICOLOR" with the copyright disclaimer below on a blue background. Starting in 1942 with the Tom and Jerry cartoon "Dog Trouble", the title is put on a red background with "IN TECHNICOLOR" in blue.
- On the Captain and the Kids series, "Jitterbug Follies" and "Wanted: No Master", the end title is in black & white.
- On "Peace on Earth", a slightly different end title was used. On a sky background, the words "The End" don't appear at all. Instead, the cartoon's title appears in majestic letters.
- On "Swing Social", the end title is on an orange background. Same goes with the "AN MGM CARTOON" title.
- On "The Homeless Flea", the end title is on an animation background with Homer the Flea singing.
- On "Papa Gets the Bird", the end title is on an animation background with Papa Bear falling in the well.
- On "Home on the Range", the end title has the words "The End" written in ropecast.
- On "Dance of the Weed", the end title is on an orange pound background with the words "The End" written differently.
- On "Abdul the Bulbul-Ameer", the end title is on a book cover with the red words "THE END" written in a bold Algerian font.
- On the Tom and Jerry cartoon "The Night Before Christmas", the end title is on a red background with green Christmas bells surrounding it.
- On "The First Swallow", the end title is on a shot of a medieval village with the red words "The End" written in medieval letters.
- On the Barney Bear cartoon "The Bear and the Beavers", the end title is in the form of a page. Then the WWII disclaimer fades onto the screen.
Closing Title: On a customized BG, we see the words "The End" in white (later yellow with a "shadow" effect starting on September 7, 1940) script above the MGM pseudo logo saying "A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer PICTURE". During WWII, the "The End" words were moved to the top of the screen and the pseudo logo was moved to the bottom, to give space for the following advertisement:
"AMERICA NEEDS YOUR MONEY BUY DEFENSE BONDS AND STAMPS EVERY PAY DAY"
The background was blue (later changed to red on April 18, 1942).
Early Closing Titles:
- 1930-1933: TBA
- 1933-1934: TBA
- 1934: TBA
- 1934-1935: On a red background with musical notes swirling, the Harman-Ising Productions logo appears on the top of the screen. Below it are the big words "The End", in white, and on the bottom of the screen are the words "Recorded by RCA Victor "HIGH FIDELITY" Sound System". After a few seconds, the "The End" text fades to the MGM marquee.
- 1935-1938: Now, on a blue background, the MGM marquee is tacked on the top of the screen and the Harman-Ising logo in the middle with the words "IN TECHNICOLOR" below it. The "RCA Victor" words remain at the bottom of the logo. After a few seconds, all of this fades to the words "The End".
FX/SFX: Just the lion.
Music/Sounds: Originally, this logo did not have music at first, just the soundbite of Coffee, Telly or Tanner's roar. Starting with the 1939 cartoon "The Little Goldfish", Tanner's roar is accompanied by a fanfare (a la the Alfred Newman-composed 20th Century Fox Fanfare) composed by Scott Bradley, MGM's principal cartoon conductor. This music would be modified as the years went on.
Music/Sounds Variants: On the Captain and the Kids series, "Swing Social" and "The Bear and the Beavers", the theme of the cartoon is played over the logo.
Availability: Extremely rare. Although Turner Entertainment Co. was very bad at colorization, they are quite good at logo preservation, and you can see these when cartoons from the period are rerun on Boomerang and TCM (mainly The Captain and the Kids). You might also see this logo on some tapes. The WWII end variant appeared on "The Hungry Wolf", "The Bear and the Beavers", "Dog Trouble", "Little Gravel Voice", "Puss n' Toots", "Bats in the Belfry" and "The Bowling Alley-Cat" (all released in 1942). The Jackie logo premiered on the Flip the Frog cartoon "Fiddlesticks", released on August 16, 1930 and made its final appearance on "Wanted: No Master", released on March 18, 1939. The Coffee logo premiered on the Happy Harmonies cartoon "The Discontented Canary", released on September 1, 1934 and made its final appearance on the Happy Harmonies cartoon "Barnyard Babies", released on May 25, 1935. The Tanner logo premiered on the Happy Harmonies cartoon "The Old Plantation", released on September 21, 1935 and made its final appearance on the Tom and Jerry cartoon "The Bowling Alley-Cat", released on July 18, 1942.
Scare Factor: High for those who hate roaring lions (and there are quite a few of those out there). The scare factor may vary for those who are used to it.
(August 22, 1942-August 3, 1946)
Nicknames: "The Sunburst Logo", "Tanner the Lion II", "Blue Ribboning", "The Angry Lion"
Opening Title: Tanner in the logo, except the standard ribbon is maya blue, the drama mask is maroon and is placed on a red/golden yellow sunburst background. Below the lion ribboning is "A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer" in its signature font, and then "CARTOON" in a big maya blue bold font. "IN TECHNICOLOR" appears underneath. "TRADE MARK" has been removed.
Closing Title: On a customized BG, we see the words "The End" in white script above the MGM pseudo logo saying "A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer PICTURE".
Tom and Jerry Closing Title: Starting with "Baby Puss", a special closing title was instituted for the Tom and Jerry cartoons. On a red background with an orange sunburst are the words "The End", written in white with a turquoise outline. This then fades to the words "An M.G.M Tom and Jerry CARTOON". Also, the MGM pseudo logo is absent.
- On the first few cartoons with this logo (except for "Blitz Wolf"), the words "The End" were moved to the top of the screen and the pseudo logo was moved to the bottom, to give space for the following advertisement:
"AMERICA NEEDS YOUR MONEY
BUY WAR BONDS AND STAMPS
AT THIS THEATRE"
like on the previous logo and the "A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Cartoon" secondary end title doesn't appea.r
- The background is red with a shadowy statue of a Continental soldier behind the titles.
- A special end title was used on "Blitz Wolf". After the cartoon ends, the pictures irises out to a blue circle, a white one and a red one. Then, the following words appear:
THE END OF ADOLF
IF YOU'LL BUY A STAMP OR BOND -
WE'LL SKIN THAT SKUNK ACROSS THE POND!
Unfortunately, this end title is cut from most TV airings.
- On the Barney Bear cartoon "Wild Honey", the end title is on a red background.
- On the public domain print of "Jerky Turkey", "IN TECHNICOLOR" is blacked out.
- Two Screwy Squirrel cartoons, "Happy-Go-Nutty" and "The Screwy Truant", have end title card gags: "Happy-Go-Nutty": Screwy Squirrel and Meathead are chasing when they stop in front of an end title card on a black background, with the words "The End" in green. They realize that it is the end of the picture. They say goodbye to each other and Screwy says "Hey! Before you leave, just what was the idea chasing me over the picture?". Meathead says "Because you're crazy. You take your appointment. But your ace. I'm crazy." Then Meathead begins to "screw" himself and runs from the cartoon breaking the title card. Then the screen zooms in to Screwy, who says "You know, I like this ending. It's silly". Then the cartoon ends and the typical "The End" appears. "The Screwy Truant": Screwy Squirrel brings down a title card on a water blue background with the words "THE END" and says: "Well, that's that. Now that dumb officer never will know why I wasn't in school." Then the officer comes in and says: "Oh yeah? Come on, now! Why wasn't you in school?". Then Screwy replies "Because... I've got measles!" and kisses the officer, causing him to get the measles as well. Screwy laughs at him and we zoom up to the words "THE END", which also get the measles. This irises out and the regular "The End" card fades in.
FX/SFX: Tanner roaring.
Music/Sounds: A modified version of the 1st logo's fanfare.
Music/Sounds Variant: Several Tex Avery cartoons would have Tanner roaring with the music called "Tiger Rag" a.k.a. "Hold That Tiger".
Music/Sounds Variant Trivia: The "Tiger Rag" that's played on several Tex Avery cartoons is based on the jazz music of the same name by Louis Armstrong and his All-Stars.
Availability: Common. Seen on a few Tex Avery cartoons on Boomerang and TCM. Again, MGM was so good with their logo editing and reissues, that many people can't even tell that the logo was changed! The WWII end variant appeared on "The Early Bird Dood It!", "Chips Off the Old Block" and "Fine Feathered Friend" (all released in 1942). It premiered on "Blitz Wolf", released on August 22, 1942 and made its final appearance on "Northwest Hounded Police", released on August 3, 1946.
Scare Factor: See the 1st logo. However, the Screwy Squirrel variants is very funny.
(August 31, 1946-May 17, 1952)
Nicknames: "Tanner the Lion III", "Red Ribboning"
Opening Title: The standard lion logo as before, but the ribboning has been simplified and is now red; the "ARS GRATIA ARTIS" phrase is missing, along with the drama mask. Below the logo, we see "A METRO-GOLDWYN-MAYER" in a bold bright yellow font, with a giant "CARTOON" below it in the same color. "COLOR BY Technicolor" (with "Technicolor" in script) follows, and the whole thing is on an upsdell red BG. From 1946-1948, the words "In Technicolor" were seen below the logo.
Closing Title: Starting with "Henpecked Hoboes", After the "The End" card is shown in yellow script on a blue background, it fades to "A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Cartoon" in the same script font. The pseudo "A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer PICTURE" logo is shown below.
Tom and Jerry Closing Title: Same as the previous logo.
FX/SFX: Tanner roaring, again.
Music/Sounds: An updated version of the fanfare from the 1st logo; by now, it began blending into the opening themes of the cartoons.
Availability: More common than the 2nd logo. It's tacked on to films it didn't originally appear on, as well. It premiered on the Tom and Jerry cartoon "Solid Serenade", released on August 31, 1946 and made its final appearance on "One Cab's Family", released on May 17, 1952.
Scare Factor: Same as above.
(March 15, 1952, June 14, 1952-September 18, 1954)
Nicknames: "Tanner the Lion IV", "Baby Blue Ribboning"
Opening Title: Almost exactly the same as the 3rd logo, but the background's just red, "A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer" is now in script, "CARTOON" is in a bolder three-dimensional font and in a champagne color, the ribboning is baby blue and "COLOR BY TECHNICOLOR" is in a different font and in the same color as the ribboning. Otherwise the same.
Closing Title: After the "The End" card is shown in yellow script on a blue background, it fades to "A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Cartoon" in the same script font. The pseudo "A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer PICTURE" logo is shown below.
Tom and Jerry Closing Title: Same as the previous logo.
FX/SFX: Again, just Tanner roaring.
Music/Sounds: The updated fanfare from the 1st logo, blending into the opening theme for the cartoon.
Availability: A bit less common than its predecessor, but still common. It premiered on the Tom and Jerry cartoon "The Two Mouseketeers", released on March 15, 1952 (although the next three cartoons released, "Smitten Kitten", "Triplet Trouble" and "One Cab's Family" still used the previous logo, so that the logo officially premiered on the Tom and Jerry cartoon "Little Runaway", released on June 14, 1952) and made its final appearance on "The Farm of Tomorrow", released on September 18, 1954.
Scare Factor: Same as above.
(October 2, 1954-August 1, 1958)
Nicknames: "Tanner the Lion V", "Baby Blue Ribboning II"
Opening Title: It's similar to the last few, but now the baby blue ribboning is moved to a blue BG. In a nice touch, "A METRO-GOLDWYN-MAYER" has been moved from the bottom ribbon to be placed on the ribbon, with "CARTOON" in yellow and the Technicolor line underneath it in red.
The logo is modified for cartoons released in CinemaScope.
On the Droopy cartoon "Dixieland Droopy", the end title is on a shoot of a night concert.
On "Good Will to Men", it fades to a version of the secondary end title, written this way:
A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer CARTOON MADE IN HOLLYWOOD, U.S.A.
Closing Title: After the "The End" card is shown in yellow script on a blue background, it fades to "A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer CARTOON" in the same script font. The pseudo "A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer PICTURE" logo is shown below. Starting in 1955 with "Cellbound", the title was changed with "A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer" now in white letters and in different font and "CARTOON" in red letters and in different font as well. "MADE IN HOLLYWOOD, U.S.A." also appears at the bottom of the screen in white letters. Also, the MGM pseudo is dropped.
Tom and Jerry Closing Title: Same as the previous logo. Starting in 1955 with "Pecos Pest", the words "MADE IN HOLLYWOOD, U.S.A." appear at the bottom of the screen. For the CinemaScope cartoons, there are three variants:
First variant (November 20, 1954-November 19, 1955): Similar to the original title, but it's in widescreen and the background is orange. It was used on shorts from "Pet Peeve" to "That's My Mommy".
Second variant (January 17-November 6, 1956): The "An M.G.M. Tom and Jerry CARTOON" secondary end title from before, now in different yellow fonts and put on a blue background. It was used on shorts from "The Flying Sorceress" to "Blue Cat Blues".
Third variant (December 14, 1956-August 1, 1958): On a blue background, we see a pink square on the upper-left corner, an orange rectangle in the middle of the screen and a green square on the bottom-right corner. In the pink square is the word "an", on the orange rectangle are the words "M.G.M CARTOON", and on the green square are the words "made in hollywood, U.S.A.". It was first used on "Barbecue Brawl" and its last appearance was on "Tot Watchers".
FX/SFX: Again, just Tanner's roar.
Music/Sounds: The updated 1st logo fanfare, again.
Availability: By far, more common of all MGM cartoon logos on TCM and Boomerang. It premiered on the Tom and Jerry cartoon "Neapolitan Mouse", released on October 2, 1954 and, as told above, made its final appearance on the Tom and Jerry cartoon "Tot Watchers", released on August 1, 1958.
Scare Factor: Same as above, unless if you're startled of the widescreen end titles from Tom and Jerry.
(September 7, 1961-December 1, 1962, 1965)
Nickname: "Leo the Lion"
Opening Title: The new MGM lion design that has been put into use on films around this time, only with "CARTOON" tacked on to the bottom in red. One can only see the effort they put into this logo.
Closing Title: They varied with the cartoon. On a background depending on the cartoon, we see the words "THE END", with "AN MGM CARTOON" below. "Carmen Get It!", however, has the end title involving a group of ants coming on the musical notes book and forming the words "THE END".
On "Switchin' Kitten" and "Down and Outing", the then-current MGM movie logo would play (without "CARTOON" at the bottom, and without the theme song accompanying it) followed by a screen saying "A METRO-GOLDWYN-MAYER CARTOON", whose font and background vary depending on the cartoon. The theme song would start whenever this screen came up. While the standard movie logo also appeared on "Buddies Thicker Than Water" and "Carmen Get It!", the second screen was not shown and the opening music played over it.
On the Academy Award-winning short "The Dot and the Line", the movie logo is used instead and is accompanied by a majestic horn fanfare composed and conducted by Eugene Poddany.
FX/SFX: Just the lion again.
Music/Sounds: The updated 1st logo fanfare. Plus with the lion roar, it had three roar tracks: the 1960 roar, another which sounded like a yawning roar, and on "Calypso Cat", it has a fierce-sounding roar.
Availability: Uncommon. Seen on the Gene Deitch-produced Tom and Jerry cartoons, which are still rerun on a semi-regular basis. Also seen on current prints of "Rock-a-Bye Bear" on Boomerang, old television prints of some Tom and Jerry shorts (such as "Puss n' Toots", "The Bowling Alley-Cat", "Sufferin' Cats!", "The Lonesome Mouse", "The Zoot Cat", "Quiet Please!", "The Invisible Mouse" and "Saturday Evening Puss") and the Boomerang Germany print of the Barney Bear cartoon "Half-Pint Palomino".
Scare Factor: See the 1st logo. None for the "Tall in the Trap" variant.
(July 27, 1963-December 31, 1967)
Nicknames: "Tom the Lion", "Tanner the Lion V"
Logo: We start with a variation on the 6th logo. We have "CARTOON" in red below the logo, and "METROCOLOR" below that. It looks, as a whole, much nicer. Tanner roars twice in the logo.
Closing Title: "the end" appears on black, fading to "A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer TOM AND JERRY CARTOON" on black, with "Made in Hollywood, USA" below it.
After showing Tanner roaring, it later fades out to reveal none other than Tom in the circle, yowling and hissing. Then, the ribboning fades into a simple blue circle and moves upwards as the black background changes to orange, Tom "roaring" all the while. "T" and "M" appear besides it, and "and" appears below. "JERRY" appears letter-by-letter below all that as Jerry drops into the "Y," smiling pleasantly, and waves his hand. Tom notices this and hisses.
FX/SFX/Cheesy Factor: Nice animation sequence from the Chuck Jones-led animation unit.
Music/Sounds: The updated 1st logo fanfare leading into the trademark Tom and Jerry music with the 1960 roaring soundtrack.
Availability: Uncommon. Seen on the Chuck Jones-produced Tom and Jerry cartoons, which are still rerun on a semi-regular basis. The version that doesn't fade to Tom is featured on "The Bear That Wasn't".
Scare Factor: Minimal. The lion part may be scary for some, but the animated part makes the logo something special. One of the most well liked logos, and one of the most creative as well.